RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS
RECENT SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTIONS
BLACK-WHITE DISPARITIES IN PRETERM BIRTH: GEOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL, AND HEALTH DETERMINANTS
Reducing racial/ethnic disparities in preterm birth is a priority for U.S. public health programs. This study quantified the relative contribution of geographic, sociodemographic, and health determinants to the black-white preterm birth disparity. These findings demonstrate that the known portion of the disparity in preterm birth is driven by sociodemographic and preconception/prenatal health factors. Public health programs to enhance social support and preconception care, specifically focused on hypertension, may provide an efficient approach for reducing the racial gap in preterm birth.
Published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BV CHRONICITY AMONG WOMEN IN RAKAI, UGANDA
The objective of this study was to assess risk and protective factors associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) chronicity ascertained by Nugent score criteria among women in Rakai, Uganda. Factors associated with higher and lower values of BV chronicity were multifactorial. Notably, higher values of BV chronicity were associated with potentially contaminated bathing water. Future studies should examine the role of waterborne microbial agents in the pathogenesis of BV.
Published in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.
BEYOND BIRTH OUTCOMES: INTERPREGNANCY INTERVAL AND INJURY-RELATED INFANT MORTALITY
In this study, we examined the association between IPI and injury-related infant mortality, a leading cause of postneonatal mortality. We found that injury-related infant mortality decreased with increased IPI length. While injury-related deaths are rare, these patterns suggest that the timing between births may be a marker of risk for fatal infant injuries. The first year postpartum may be an ideal time for the delivery of evidence-based injury prevention programs as well as family planning services.
Published in the journal Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology.
Click here for an up-to-date list of my publications archived on PubMed.